Leon Schumacher's Vita Information

Please note: Clicking on the following topics will take you directly to that section of my abbreviated curriculum vita. An expanded vita can be obtained from me at 101 Agricultural Engineering building. You may also call me at 701-231-5173 or email me at leon.schumacher@ndsu.edu.

Education

  • Ph.D.; 1987Iowa State University, Ames, IA, [Ag Education/Ag Mechanics]

  • M.S.; 1984 North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND [Ag Education/Vocational Education.]

  • B.S.; 1977 North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND [Ag Education/Composite Science]


Positions

  • 2022 -Present - Professor and Dept Chair, Agricultural Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND

  • 2004- 2021 - Professor of Agricultural Systems Management, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO

  • 1996-2004 - Associate Professor of Agricultural Engineering/Agricultural Education, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO

  • 1990-1996 - Assistant Professor of Agricultural Engineering/Agricultural Education, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO

  • 1989-1990 - Asst. Professor of Ag Education, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND

  • 1987-1989 - Assistant Professor of Agricultural Engineering/Agricultural Education, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO

  • 1984-1986 - Adjunct Instructor in Agricultural Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA

  • 1986 - Curriculum and Computer Software Development, Iowa State University Cooperative Extension Service, Iowa State University, Ames, IA

  • 1985 - Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Agricultural Education, Iowa State University, Ames, IA

  • 1983-1984 - Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Agricultural Education, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND

  • 1979-1983 - Vocational Agriculture Instructor, Kenmare, ND

  • 1978-1979 - Vocational Agriculture Instructor, Mohall, ND

  • 1977-1978 - Vocational Agriculture Instructor, New Rockford, ND


Current Professional Memberships

  • American Society of Automotive Engineers, 1994- Present

  • Life Member, National FFA Alumni Association, 1991- Present

  • American Vocational Education Research Association, 1990-Present

  • American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 1987-Present

  • National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture, 1989-Present

  • Phi Kappa Phi, 1986-Present

  • American Association of Teacher Educators in Agriculture, 1985-Present

  • American Vocational Association, 1977-1983; 1985-Present

  • National Vocational Agriculture Teachers Association, Student member, 1985-1986; Association member, 1977-1983, 1987-Present


Honors

  • Outstanding Young Member, AAAE, 1993

  • Outstanding Young Member, AAAE Central Region, 1993

  • Research Award, Missouri Soybean Association, 1993

  • Associate Membership, Farmhouse Fraternity, 1990

  • Alpha Tau Alpha, 1989

  • Alpha Mu Delta, 1989

  • Outstanding Young Men of America, 1988

  • Gamma Sigma Delta, 1986

  • Phi Kappa Phi, 1986

  • Honorary Chapter Farmer, 1983


Published Papers

  • Schumacher, L. G., Nevils, A. and Humphrey, J. K.(1995). Educators perceptions of the agricultural mechanics skills needed for high school entering advanced agricultural mechanics courses. Journal of Agricultural Mechanization.

  • Harrison, J. D., Schumacher, L. G., Nevils, A. and Birkenholz, R. J. (1995). University advising faculty perceptions of agricultural Mechanization Knowledge and skills. The Journal of Agricultural Mechanization.

  • Schumacher, L. G., S.C. Borgelt, D. Fosseen, W. Goetz (1995). 6V92TA DDC engine exhaust emissions using methyl ester soybean oil/diesel fuel blends. Bioresource Technology.

  • Marshall, W., Schumacher, L.G, Howell, S. A (1995) Engine Exhaust Emissions Evaluation of a Cummins L10E When Fueled with a Biodiesel Blend. Society of Automotive Engineers. SAE Paper # 952363.

  • Schumacher, L.G, S.C. Borgelt, & W.G. Hires. (1995) Fueling Diesel Engines with Methyl-ester Soybean Oil and Diesel Fuel. Applied Engineering In Agriculture. Vol. 11(1):37-40.

  • Tan, J., Schumacher, L. G., Hires, W. G. and Shipley, B. (1994). Dynamic Tractor Ballasting. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 10, (3), 363-367.

  • Birkenholz, R. J. & Schumacher, L. G. (1994). Leadership skills of college of agriculture graduates. Journal of Agricultural Education. 35,(4), 1-8.

  • Schumacher, L. G., Tan, J., and Hires, B. G., (1993). Tractor ballasting for fuel efficiency. Journal of Agricultural Mechanization. 7,(7), 69-72.

  • Harrison, J. D., Schumacher, L. G. and Birkenholz, R. J. (1993). Agricultural Mechanization Knowledge and skills needed by agriculture, food and natural resources students. The Journal of the National Association of Colleges and teachers of Agriculture. March, 1993, 54-55.

  • Schumacher, L. G., and Swan, M. (1993). An assessment of the need for formal leadership training for students in a land grant college of Agriculture. The Journal of Agricultural Education. 34 (3), 1-9.

  • Schumacher, L. G., Hires, W. G. and Frisby, J. C. (1991). Tractor PTO Horsepower, Filter Maintenance, and Tractor Engine Oil Analysis. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 7 (5), 625-629.

  • Schumacher, L. G., Hires, W. G. and Frisby, J. C. (1991). Tractor safety: Are farmers using OEM safety devices?. Journal of Agricultural Mechanization, 6 (1), 18-23.

  • Schumacher, L. G. & Johnson, D. M. (1990). A time series analysis of agricultural education student teachers' perceptions of agricultural mechanics laboratory management competencies. The Journal of Agricultural Education, 31 (4), 2-8.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Kahler, A. A. (1990). Perceptions of selected policy makers toward agriculture. Journal of Vocational Education Research, 14 (4), 51-69.

  • Johnson, D. M., Schumacher, L. G., & Stewart, B. R. (1990). Analysis of the agricultural mechanics laboratory management inservice needs of Missouri agriculture teachers. The Journal of Agricultural Education, 31 (2), 35-39.

  • Johnson, D. M., Schumacher, L. G., & Stewart, B. R. (1990). Perceptions of teachers and experts concerning the importance of agricultural mechanics laboratory management factors. The Journal of Agricultural Mechanization, 5 (2), 9-15.

  • Johnson, D. M. & Schumacher, L. G. (1989). Agricultural mechanics specialists identification and evaluation of agricultural mechanics laboratory management competencies: A modified delphi approach. The Journal of Agricultural Education, 30(3), 23-28.

  • Schumacher, L. G. & Johnson, D. M. (1989). Modified delphi assessment of agricultural mechanics laboratory management competencies. The Journal of Agricultural Mechanization, 4(2), 29-39.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1989). Factors limiting the use of "agLine" and other agricultural computer information databases. Journal of Studies in Technical Careers, 11(2), 131-138.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Currence, H. D. (1989). Teach the teacher workshop model. The Journal of the National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture, 33(2), 74-77.


Papers submitted for peer review

  • Chandler, K. N. Malcosky, R. Motta, P. Norton, K. Kelly, L.G. Schumacher, and D. Lyons. (1996). Alternative Fuel Transit Bus Evaluation Program Results.


Proceedings papers

  • Schumacher, L. G., W.G. Hires, and Krahl, J. G.. (1995). Cummins 5.9L Biodiesel Fueled Engines. Second Biomass Conference of the Americas. Portland, OR. pp. 882-892.

  • Schumacher, L. G., facultyer, J. A., and Krahl, J. G.. (1995). An Alternative Fuel For Urban Buses- Biodiesel Blends. Second Biomass Conference of the Americas. Portland, OR. pp. 893-901.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Humprhey, J. K.(1994). Entry level competencies needed by high school agricultural mechanics students. Proceedings of the Central States Seminar in Agricultural Education. St. Louis, MO: refereed.

  • Schumacher, L. G., S.C. Borgelt, and W.G. Hires. (1993). Fueling diesel engines with methyl-ester soybean oil. Biomass Conference of the Americas. Burlington, VA. Vol. III, pp. 1598-1606.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Swan M. (1992). Leadership abilities of students enrolled in a College of Agriculture. Proceedings of the Central States Seminar in Agricultural Education. Austin, MN

  • Schumacher, L. G. & Johnson, D. M. (1990). A time series analysis of agricultural education student teachers' perceptions of agricultural mechanics laboratory management competencies. Proceedings of the Central Region 44th Annual Research Conference in Agricultural Education. Chicago, IL

  • Johnson, D. M., Schumacher, L. G., & Stewart, B. R. (1990). Determination of the agricultural mechanics laboratory management inservice needs of Missouri agriculture teachers. Proceedings of the Central Region 44th Annual Research Conference in Agricultural Education. Chicago, IL

  • Johnson, D. M. and Schumacher, L. G. (1988). Agricultural mechanics laboratory management competencies. Proceedings of the Fifteenth National Agricultural Education Research Meeting. St. Louis, MO

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Kahler, A. A. (1988). Perceptions of selected policy makers toward agriculture. Proceedings of the Central Region 42nd Annual Research Conference in Agricultural Education. Chicago, IL

  • Johnson, D. M. and Schumacher, L. G. (1988). An assessment of agricultural mechanics competencies. Proceedings of the Central Region Seminar in Agriculture/Agribusiness Education, Chicago, IL

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Kahler, A. A. (1987). Attitudes of selected policy makers toward agriculture. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual National Agricultural Education Research Meeting, Las Vegas, NV:

  • Priebe, D. and Schumacher, L. G. (1985). Employment opportunities and training needs in eight selected agribusiness industries. Proceedings of the Central Region 39th Annual Research Conference in Agricultural Education. Chicago, IL: refereed . (50%)


Other published papers

  • Schumacher, L G. (1995). Biodiesel Emissions Data From Series 60 DDC Engines. American Public Transit Association Conference. Reno, NV.

  • Schumacher, L G. , Borgelt, S. & Russell, M. A. (1995). Fueling 5.9L and 7.3L Navistar Engines with Biodiesel-20. Proceedings of the, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Summer Meeting. pp. # 956739. Chicago, IL.

  • Howell, S. A., Schumacher, L G. ,& Russell, M. A. (1995). Lubricity: The Biodiesel Advantage. Proceedings of the, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Summer Meeting. pp. # 956737. Chicago, IL.

  • Schumacher, L G. , facultyer, J. A, & Krahl, J. G. (1995). Maintenance, Repair, and Engine Exhaust Emissions Associated with Biodiesel Fueling of Urgan Buses. Proceedings of the, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Summer Meeting. pp. # 956736. Chicago, IL.

  • Schumacher, L G. , Borgelt, S., Russell, M. A. & Krahl, J. G. (1995). Project Update: Fueling 5.9L Cummins Engines with 100% Biodiese. Proceedings of the, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Summer Meeting. pp. # 956740. Chicago, IL.

  • Schumacher, L.G, S.C. Borgelt, & W.G. Hires. (1994) Fueling Diesel Engines with Blends of Methylester Soybean Oil and Diesel Fuel. Biodiesel '94. Sioux Falls, SD.

  • Schumacher, L. G., J. A. facultyer, & M. D. Russell. Fueling Urban Buses with Soydiesel-Diesel Fuel Blending. Bioenergy '94- using biofuels for a better environment- Proceeding of the sixth national bioenergy conference. pp. 11-18. Reno/Sparks, NV.

  • Schumacher, L. G. & S. Howell. Lubricating Qualities of Biodiesel and Biodiesel Blends. Bioenergy '94- using biofuels for a better environment- Proceeding of the sixth national bioenergy conference. . pp. 113-122. Reno/Sparks, NV

  • Schumacher, L. G. and J.A. facultyer (1994). Collection and collation of performance data from urban mass transit biodiesel demonstrations. Proceedings of an Alternative Energy Conference, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Summer Meeting 1994. pp. 39-46. Kansas City, MO.

  • Fosseen, D, L. G. Schumacher , W. Goetz, S.C. Borgelt, and W.G. Hires. (1994). Fueling heavy duty diesel engines with blends of soydiesel and low sulfur diesel fuel. Proceedings of an Alternative Energy Conference, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Summer Meeting 1994. pp. 67-76. Kansas City, MO.

  • Borgelt, S.C., T. S. Kolb, and L. G. Schumacher. (1994). Biodiesel : World Status. Proceedings of an Alternative Energy Conference, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Summer Meeting 1994. pp. 166-174. Kansas City, MO.

  • Schumacher, L G. (1994). The Use of StrataFire in Blends of Soydiesel. Proceedings of the, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting. pp. # . Atlanta, GA.

  • Schumacher , L. G., S.C. Borgelt, and W.G. Hires. (1993). Fueling diesel engines with blends of methyl ester soybean oil and diesel fuel. Proceedings of a Conference on Biodiesel. Sioux Falls, SD.

  • Schumacher, L. G., S.C. Borgelt, and W.G. Hires. (1993). Fueling a 7200 John Deere tractor with blends of methyl ester soybean oil and petroleum diesel fuel. Proceedings of the Mid Central Conference Meeting. St. Joseph, MO. Paper #MC94-109.

  • Schumacher, L. G.,and J.K. Humphrey. (1993). Entry level competencies for high school students enrolled in agricultural mechanics. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting. Chicago, IL. Paper #935521

  • Schumacher , L. G., S.C. Borgelt, and W.G. Hires. (1993). Soydiesel/Petroleum Blend Research. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting. Chicago, IL. Paper #93-6523.

  • Schumacher , L. G., S.C. Borgelt, and W.G. Hires. (1993). Fueling Diesel Engines with Blends of Soydiesel and Petroleum diesel. Proceedings of the Agricultural Mechanics Blue Ribbon. Kansas City, MO. Paper

  • Schumacher, L. G., S.C. Borgelt, and W.G. Hires. (1993). Soydiesel/petroleum blend research. Proceedings of the Mid Central Conference Meeting. St. Joseph, MO. Paper #MC93-101

  • Schumacher, L. G., Hires, W. G. and Borgelt, S. C. (1992). Fueling a diesel engine with methyl-ester soybean oil. Proceedings of an Alternative Energy Conference, American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting 1992. pp. 124-131. Nashville, TN.

  • Tan, J., Schumacher, L. G., & Hires, W. G. (1992). Dynamic Tractor Ballasting for Fuel Efficiency. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting 1992. Nashville, TN: paper #92-1590.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Harrison, J. D. (1991). A theoretical basis for shop safety color Coding. Proceedings of the Central Region Conference in Agricultural Education Poster Board Competition. Chicago, IL.

  • Schumacher, L. G., Tan, J. (1991). Tractor Ballasting for Fuel Efficiency. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting 1991. Chicago, IL: paper #91-1592.

  • Frisby, J., Schumacher, L. G. and Hires, B. (1989). Tractor engine oil analysis. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting 1989. New Orleans, LA: paper #89-1626.

  • Schumacher, L. G., Hires, B. and Frisby, J. (1989). Tractor safety: Are farmers using OEM safety devices?. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting 1989. New Orleans, LA: paper #89-1625.

  • Schumacher, L. G., Hires, B. and Frisby, J. (1989). Tractor PTO horsepower and filter maintenance. American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting 1989. New Orleans, LA: paper #89-1627.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Currence, H. D. (1989). Calculating dwelling service entrance requirements using a microcomputer. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting. Chicago, IL: paper # 88-3532.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Birkenholz, R. J. (1987). Bitnet - Its time to get started. Proceedings of the AATEA Exchange of Ideas Sessions AVA Convention, Las Vegas, NV:

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Birkenholz, R. J. (1987). BITNET - Its time to get started. Proceedings of the Central Region Seminar in Agriculture/Agribusiness Education. Chicago, IL.

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Currence, H. D. (1987). Agricultural wiring workshops in Missouri. Proceedings of American Society of Agricultural Engineers Winter Meeting. Chicago, IL: paper #87-3548. (50%)


Invited papers

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1993). Effective teaching in agricultural mechanics laboratories. The Agricultural Education Magazine. November, 1993.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1993). Project update- SoyDiesel as a replacement for diesel fuel. Agricultural Mechanics Blue Ribbon Seminar. Kansas City, MO.

  • Schumacher, L. G. & Strickland, R. M. (1992). Computer Simulations- Adding a Touch of Reality. The Agricultural Education Magazine. 64 (8), pp. 8-9.

  • Schumacher, L. G. & Brown, S. (1992). Agricultural Education Laboratory Safety Checklist. Jefferson City, MO., Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1991). Urban Mechanization - It's Reality. The Agricultural Education Magazine. 64 (4), 13.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1989). Involving industry in agricultural mechanics inservice- A success story. The Agricultural Education Magazine, 61(6), 17, 22.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1988). BIT-NET computer applications - Telecommunications. Agricultural Mechanics Professional Seminar. Kansas City, MO

  • Schumacher, L. G. and Currence, H. D. (1987). Continuing education in electricity for Missouri vocational agriculture instructors. Proceedings of the National Food and Energy Council National Meeting. Greenbay, WI.


Curriculum Developed

  • Hazelhorst, J. (Author) and Schumacher, L. G. (Editor). (1994). Single Sheet Agricultural Mechanics Plans. Columbia, MO: Instructional Materials Laboratory.

  • Bremmer, J. (Author) and Schumacher, L. G. (Editor). (1990). Expanding the Customer Base. Fargo, ND: Department of Agricultural Education-North Dakota State University.

  • Bremmer, J. (Author) and Schumacher, L. G. (Editor). (1990). Performing General Office Work. Fargo, ND: Department of Agricultural Education-North Dakota State University.

  • Bremmer, J. (author) and Schumacher, L. G. (Editor). (1990). Performing Sales-Related Duties. Fargo, ND: Department of Agricultural Education-North Dakota State University.

  • Admire, M. (Author) and Schumacher, L. G. (Editor). (1989). Agricultural Construction Curriculum Part I. Columbia, MO: Instructional Materials Laboratory.

  • Admire, M. (author) and Schumacher, L. G. (Editor). (1989). Agricultural Construction Curriculum Part II. Columbia, MO: Instructional Materials Laboratory.


Grants and fellowships

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1995). National Biodiesel Board, Engine Oil Impact Literature Search and Summary." $23,645.00, October 1, 1995 - September 30, 1996.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1995). National Biodiesel Board, "Fueling Direct Injected Diesel Engines With 100% Neat Biodiesel." $51,860.00, July 1, 1995 - June 30, 1996.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1995). National Biodiesel Board, Translating German Documents Written in the German Language." $10,000.00, April 15, 1995 - September 15, 1995.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1995). National Biodiesel Board, "The Physical Characterization of biodiesel/low sulphur diesel fuel blends." $22,286.00, January 1, 1995 - November 30, 1995.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1995). Missouri Department of Natural Resources- Division of Energy, "Demonstration of the Environmental Benefits of Soydiesel Fuels on Diesel Engines." $8,965.00, May 1, 1995 - April 30, 1996.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1994). Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council. "Fueling a Diesel Locomotive with Biodiesel."$3,300, November 1, 1994 - October 31, 1995.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1994). National Renewable Energy Laboratory, "Biodiesel- Bus Data Collection Program." $69,573.00, October 1, 1994 - June 30, 1996.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1994). The College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources Experiment Stations, "Fueling Diesel Engines With Blends of Soydiesel." 20% appointment, 1994 - 1996.

  • Howell, S. and Schumacher, L. (1993). Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council and the National Soydiesel Development Board, "Biodiesel Lubricity Field Test." Co-PI (Steven Howell, Mark IV), $46,000.00, December 15, 1993-March 15, 1995.

  • "Sensing the Levels of Biomass in Diesel Fuel." PI, $20,000.00, September 1, 1993-December 31, 1994.

  • Schumacher, L. G., S. Borgelt, and W. Hires. (1993). National Soydiesel Development Board, "Alternative Fuels Demonstration/Research Information Retrieval." PI, $120,000.00, October 15, 1993-September 30, 1994.

  • Schumacher, L. G., S. Borgelt, and W. Hires. (1993). Missouri Department of Natural Resources Division of Energy, "Fueling Bus and Truck Engines with Soydiesel." PI, $24,500.00, September 30, 1993-September 30, 1994.

  • Schumacher, L. G., S. Borgelt, and W. Hires. (1993). Missouri Department of Natural Resources Division of Energy, "Demonstration of the Environmental Benefits of Fueling a Diesel Engine on Soydiesel." PI, $47,189.00, July 15, 1993-July 15 1994.

  • Schumacher, L. G., and S. Borgelt (1993). Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council, "Fueling Bus and Truck Engines with Soydiesel." PI, $5,000.00, September 30, 1993-September 30, 1994.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1992). College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, "Fueling diesel engines with methyl-esterified vegetable oil- Research efforts in Germany and Austria", Faculty Development Grant-International Travel, $1,250.00, January 1 - January 15, 1993.

  • Birkenholz, and R. Young. (1992). United Soybean Board "Fueling Used Diesel Engines With Methyl-Ester Soybean Oil," PI, $62,000.00, June 1, 1992 to May 31, 1993.

  • Schumacher, L. G., W. G. Hires, and S. C. Borgelt. (1992-1995) Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council, "Fueling New and Used Diesel Engines with Methyl-Ester Soybean Oil," PI, $232,400.00, July 1, 1992 to June 30, 1995.

  • Birkenholz, R. J., L. G. Schumacher, M. Frick, and D. Case. (1991). United States Department of Agriculture, "A Pilot Study of Agricultural Literacy," $53,505.00, September 1, 1991 to July 31, 1993.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1991). College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, "Developing an Instructional Maintenance Program for KARI Experiment Station Personnel", Faculty Development Grant-International Travel, $1,250.00, June 1 - June 30, 1990.

  • Schumacher, L. G., S. C. Borgelt, and W. G. Hires. (1991). Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council, "Fueling a Diesel Engine with Esterified Soybean Oil," PI, $22,000.00, July 1, 1990 to June 30, 1991.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1989). North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, "Leadership in Rural Young Adults," PI, budget included in departmental budget. August 14, 1989 through June 30, 1990

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1989). North Dakota State Board for Vocational Education, "Developing Competency Based Vocational Agriculture Curriculum Materials," PI, $11,700.00, August 14, 1989 through June 30, 1990.

  • Schumacher, L. G., W. G. Hires, and F. D. Harris. (1988). Missouri Department of Natural Resources- Division of Energy, "Tractor Testing for Fuel Efficiency," PI, $42,344.00, September 1, 1988 through August 31, 1989.

  • Schumacher, L. G. (1987). College of Education -University of Missouri, "Agricultural Mechanics Laboratory Management Competencies Needed by Vocational Agriculture Instructors," PI, $1,200.00, June 1 - August 15, 1987. (100%)


If you have any questions or comments concerning my abbreviated vita, please call me at 573-882-2126 (office). You you can email me at schumacherl@missouri.edu


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